M.H.F. Wilkinson, H. Gao, W.H. Hesselink, J.E. Jonker and A. Meijster. Concurrent computation of attribute filters on shared memory parallel machines. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. (2008) 30(10): 1800-1813.
Morphological attribute filters have not previously been parallelized, mainly because they are both global and non-separable. We propose a parallel algorithm which achieves efficient parallelism for a large class of attribute filters, including attribute openings, closings, thinnings and thickenings, based on Salembier's Max-Trees and Min-trees. The image or volume is first partitioned in multiple slices. We then compute the Max-trees of each slice using any sequential Max-Tree algorithm. Subsequently, the Max-trees of the slices can be merged to obtain the Max-tree of the image. A C-implementation yielded good speed-ups on both a 16-processor MIPS 14000 parallel machine, and a dual-core Opteron-based machine. It is shown that the speed-up of the parallel algorithm is a direct measure of the gain with respect to the sequential algorithm used. Furthermore, the concurrent algorithm shows a speed gain of up to 72% on a single-core processor, due to reduced cache thrashing.
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